JFSE Author Guidelines


The Institute of Food Technologists (IFT) publishes peer-reviewed scientific journals to provide subscribers with high-quality scientific information in the area of food science and technology. The Journal of Food Science (JFS), available with subscription online and/or in print, provides results of original research and short interpretive reviews on the physical, chemical, and biological aspects of food science and technology. Comprehensive Reviews in Food Science and Food Safety (CRFSFS), available online only, free to access, provides in-depth interpretive reviews in these same areas, and in risk analysis. The Journal of Food Science Education (JFSE), available online only, free to access, provides information relevant to those involved in food science education at all levels.

IFT is dedicated to maintaining the highest standards of professional ethics, accuracy, and quality in all matters related to handling manuscripts and reporting scientific information.

Scientific Editor: Shelly Schmidt
Editor-in-Chief: E. Allen Foegeding

JFSE invites contributions pertaining to food science education. Appropriate topics include:

  • Research in food science education. Results of original research involving new ideas, new educational tools, and/or novel approaches in food science education.
  • Reviews. Recent important developments or trends in food science education.
  • Innovative laboratory exercises and demonstrations. Innovative procedures in a format immediately useful to educators.
  • Learning techniques and their assessment. New methods testing, distance and workplace education, curricular comparisons, cooperative and collaborative learning techniques, unique approaches to learning information, educational concepts, techniques for assessing curricular, professional, interpersonal skills development, and similar topics.
  • Book reviews on learning and educational developments as well as food science texts.

Technical Requirements

  • Manuscript text must be double-spaced with line numbering.
  • Use APA Style.
  • All authors’ contributions must be listed in an “Author Contributions” section at the end of the body text. Each author’s contribution must comply with the ICMJE criteria for authorship.
  • Authors must disclose conflicts of interest in a “Conflicts of Interest” section at the end of the body text.
  • Submit to any of IFT’s journals online at https://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/ift
  • The online-only format of the journal provides opportunity to include animations, video, and non-traditional content. Authors may contact the Scientific
  • Editor with questions about the appropriateness of their content or format prior to submission

Author criteria

Authorship is restricted to those who meet the ICMJE criteria, those who have: 

  • Made substantial contributions to the conception or design of the work; or the acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data for the work; 
  • AND aided in drafting the work or revising it critically for important intellectual content; 
  • AND given final approval of the version to be published; 
  • AND agreed to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated & resolved. 

Each author’s primary contribution(s) must be listed at the end of your manuscript. Ghost, guest, honorary, or anonymous authorship is not allowed. Contributors who do not qualify for authorship should be mentioned in the acknowledgments. 

Exclusivity of work: 

The corresponding author must verify, on behalf of all authors (if more than one), that neither this manuscript nor one with substantially similar content has been published, accepted for publication, or is being considered for publication elsewhere, except as described in an attachment. It is the authors’ responsibility to ensure the integrity of all submitted works. For further guidance, see the Wiley Publication Ethics Guide

The editorial staff will randomly check submitted manuscripts for plagiarism and improperly-cited or uncredited reuse of content with similarity detection software. 

Conflicts of interest: 

Each author must disclose any meaningful affiliation or involvement, direct or indirect, with any organization or entity with a direct financial interest in the subject matter or materials discussed (e.g., employment, consultancies, stock ownership, grants, patents received or pending, royalties, honoraria, expert testimony) in the past 3 years, or longer if readers might perceive that a potential conflict of interest exists. In the interest of transparency, it is better to err on the side of caution and disclose any perceived conflicts. These kinds of financial involvement are fairly common, unavoidable, and generally do not constitute a basis for rejecting a manuscript. A statement of disclosure should be included in the Acknowledgments section of the manuscript, along with a listing of all sources of support for the work, both financial and material. 

Ethical issues: 

In the case of work involving human beings, evidence must be provided that it was performed with the approval of the local ethics committee or IRB and that informed consent was obtained. Authors are expected to adhere to established ethical best practices, such as the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) International Standards for Authors.


Opinions expressed in articles published in an IFT journal are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent opinions of IFT. IFT does not guarantee the appropriateness, for any purpose, of any method, product, process, or device described or identified in an article. Trade names, when used, are only for identification and do not constitute endorsement by IFT. 

The corresponding author will be asked to digitally sign a Copyright Transfer Agreement on behalf of all authors upon acceptance of the manuscript, transferring copyright to IFT (except in cases where the work cannot be copyrighted, e.g., works authored solely by U.S. government employees as part of their employment duties).

Copyright terms and authors’ rights (PDF)

Reproduction of all or any significant portion of an IFT publication is prohibited unless permission is received from IFT. Authors have the right to reproduce portions of their own papers with proper acknowledgment and retain the right to any patentable subject material that might be contained therein. Authors can obtain permission online through Rightslink, which is an automated online permissions service available 24 hours/day. You can do so by locating the article you want to reuse and clicking on the “Request Permissions” link under the “Article Tools” menu on the abstract page. 

More details

Manuscript acceptability is based primarily on appropriateness and importance of the topic; clarity of objectives, methods, substance of the results; thoroughness with which the results are discussed; and appropriateness of the conclusions.

There are no page charges nor color figure charges for articles published in JFSE.

If the paper has been presented at a meeting of an organization other than IFT, the author must certify that he/she has freedom to offer it to IFT for publication.


Authors are asked to indicate the desired section for their manuscript on the title page of the submitted manuscript file. 

  • Research in food science education. Contributions of the following nature are encouraged: investigations using new ideas, new educational tools, and/or novel approaches or solutions in food science education where a hypothesis is tested or an objective is investigated using multiple experiments, pre- and post-testing procedures, or correlational studies; the testing and outcome of these new approaches in joint ventures with other disciplines or learning communities, and/or in integrated or distance education courses.
  • Reviews and trends. Reviews of important developments or trends in food science education are encouraged, since advances in a field can only result from an understanding of what has already been accomplished. Manuscripts should provide in-depth coverage of a defined topic, and should embody careful evaluation (weaknesses, strengths, explanation of discrepancies in results among similar studies) of all pertinent studies, so that insightful interpretations and conclusions can be presented.
  • Innovative laboratory exercises. Food science laboratory exercises are hands-on activities, so articles should be structured in a format immediately useful to instructors. The article should consist of an introduction addressing the objectives of the activity in terms of student learning; the basic principles and real-world applications; the curricular objectives(s) it fulfills; the chemicals, supplies, and instruments required; and a description of how it is carried out.
  • Classroom techniques. Papers are encouraged in the areas of new methods testing, distance education, curricula comparisons, cooperative and collaborative learning techniques; generation of student excitement for learning; unique approaches to presentation of material; assessment techniques of curricular, professional, and interpersonal skills objectives; and use of computers, software, and learning technologies (e.g. online interactive modules) to facilitate the learning of food science information.
  • Tips for better teaching and learning. Food industry trainers, faculty members, extension specialists, and government supervisors often have exercises, case studies, or assessment techniques that are effective in their training sessions, laboratories, or classrooms. This section is for those individuals who wish to share (and document) their techniques with others—without writing a full paper. Information in this section is descriptive, concise, and tested. Include a brief description of the exercises, how they are used, the results obtained, and how the results were used. Manuscripts do not undergo full peer-review; Associate Editors evaluate and make recommendations for publication.

Book Reviews

Books on learning and educational developments as well as food science texts are reviewed. Contact the Scientific Editor with book suggestions or if you would like to submit a review.

Letters to the Editor

Comments, observations, different perspectives, suggestions for improving concepts and techniques previously published, or for the need for research in specific areas, are welcome and accepted. Send letters to Scientific Editor Shelly Schmidt.

Language, units of measurement and symbols

Use the English language (American spelling and usage) and the SI system (Système International d’Unités, often referred to as “International Units”) for measurements and units.

Style and format

Your manuscript should be consistent with APA style, detailed in the Publication Manual of the Americal Psychological Association, 6th Edition, 2010. Refer to apastyle.org for examples, or contact the Editorial Office (jfs@ift.org) with questions.

Page format

Continuous line-numbering for the entire manuscript is mandatory. Double-space entire manuscript.

Submitted manuscripts must list full names for all authors; that is, full first/given name(s), middle initial(s), and last/surname(s). Failure to comply with these formatting instructions can result in automatic return of the manuscript.

Try to restrict individual file sizes to 5Mb maximum. Larger files may be hosted, but these can lead to download issues for users.

A manuscript template in Microsoft® Word is available to help you format your submission.

Title page

  • Full title (be concise) Do not use trade names in titles. Do not use abbreviations and acronyms in titles.
  • Enter name(s) of author(s) and author affiliation(s) with complete address(es).
  • Contact information for the corresponding author, including full name, complete mailing address, phone, fax, and e-mail address.
  • Short version of title (less than 40 letters and spaces).
  • Choice of journal section in which you would like your article to appear, from those listed above.
  • Provide previous address(es) of author(s) if research was conducted at a place different from current affiliation.


An abstract not exceeding 250 words; all acronyms and abbreviations defined; no references cited. State what was done, how it was done, major results, and conclusions. 

Upon submission in ScholarOne Manuscripts, you will be asked to provide 5 keywords for indexing purposes. It is highly recommended to choose keywords from our established list in ScholarOne Manuscripts, when possible, to aid in consistency. 


In two pages or less, review pertinent work, cite key references, explain importance of the subject matter, and state objectives of your work.

Body text

  • Main text should be organized in a manner considered most suitable for the information being presented. 
  • Provide a rationale for why your study, innovative exercise, or new course development was undertaken. 
  • Provide sufficient detail so work (process, assessment technique, procedure) can be repeated. Describe new methods in detail; accepted methods briefly with references. Use subheadings as needed for clarity. 
  • Clearly state how your activity, technique, or classroom modification facilitates learning or advances knowledge. 
  • Emphasize the importance of your contribution in the context of existing knowledge or common practice. 
  • Use of Trade names. Trade names are to be avoided in defining products or services whenever possible. If naming a product or service trade name cannot be avoided, the trade names of other like products or service also should be mentioned, and first use should be accompanied by the superscript symbol ™ followed in parentheses by the owner’s name. If a product or service trade name is used, it is imperative that the product be described in sufficient detail so the nature of the product or service will be understood by professionally trained readers. Do not use trade names in titles. 
  • Use of abbreviations and acronyms. At first use in the text, use full length form followed by the acronym in parentheses. Use only the acronym for subsequent mentions. 
  • Discuss the limitations of your approach or innovation, and what future work would be useful. 


State conclusions (not a summary) briefly. 


List sources of financial or material support and the names of individuals whose contributions were significant but not deserving of authorship. Any conflicts of interest should be entered here. Acknowledgment of an employer’s permission to publish is not needed and will not be published. 

Author Contributions (required) 

List each author’s name and primary contribution(s) to this work. For example, “B. Yu designed the study and interpreted the results. L. Smith collected test data and drafted the manuscript.” Contributions must be significant enough to meet authorship guidelines as described in the ICMJE definitions of authorship roles.  


Alphabetically list only those references cited in the text. Required format is described below.


Number each table with Arabic numerals. Place a descriptive caption at the top of each table. Print one table per page. Columns and their headings are usually (but not always) used to display the dependent variable(s) being presented in the table. Footnotes should be identified by lower case letters appearing as superscripts in the body of the table and preceding the footnote below the table. The same data should not appear in both tables and figures. 

Figures (graphs, charts, photographs, and other illustrations) 

  • Supply one illustration per page with the figure number indicated. Figure captions should be double-spaced and listed consecutively on page(s) separate from figures; use Arabic numerals. Include one original set of illustrations with an original manuscript. 
  • Authors are responsible for obtaining permission to reproduce previously copyrighted illustrations. Proof or certification of permission to reproduce is required. 
  • Lettering, data lines, and symbols must be sufficiently large to be clearly visible when the figure is reduced to a size commonly used in the journal. 

Appendix or supplemental materials (usually not needed) 

Examples of suitable kinds of material are survey results, lab guides, or videos/animations. 

Multimedia (audio, video, and animation) files can be published as supplemental material Multimedia files must include important, ancillary information that is relevant to the parent article. The responsibility for scientific accuracy and file functionality remains entirely with the authors. A disclaimer will be displayed to this effect. 

Quicktime, MPEG, or AVI video files are accepted. All video clips must be created with commonly-used codecs, and the codec used should be noted in the supporting information legend. Video files should be tested for playback before submission, preferably on computers not used for their creation, to check for any compatibility issues. 

Review manuscripts 

Essential elements are title page, abstract, introduction, text, conclusion, and references. Summary tables and figures dealing with key points should be used liberally. The review should begin with a statement describing the importance of the topic and the objectives of the review. A standard format for headings in the text is not required, but headings and subheadings should be used whenever needed to improve the clarity and readability of the presentation. Authors are encouraged to consult with the Scientific Editor before preparing a review for consideration.

Manuscripts must follow the name-year reference format specified in APA style, detailed in thePublication Manual of the Americal Psychological Association, 6th Edition, 2010. Refer to apastyle.org for examples. Cite only necessary publications and use primary rather than secondary references when possible. It is acceptable to cite work that is “forthcoming” (that is, accepted but not yet published) with the pertinent year and, if available, the DOI. Works that are “submitted” and under review are not to be cited.

In text

When the author’s name is part of the sentence structure, the citation consists of the year (in parenthesis) immediately following the name. Otherwise, place both the name and the year in parentheses, separated by a comma. If the work has two authors, cite with both names. If the work has three to five authors, cite all authors’ names the first time it is referenced in the text, then cite using the first author’s surname followed by “et al.” each subsequent time. If the work has 6 or more authors, always cite with the first author’s surname followed by “et al.” Use commas to separate publications in different years by the same author. Cite two or more publications of different authors in chronological sequence, from earliest to latest, separated by semicolons.


Wlodkowski (2008) showed that…
…was shown (Wlodkowski, 2008).
Walker and Allen (2004) demonstrated…
…was demonstrated (Walker & Allen, 2004).
Liu, Jia, Wu, and Wang (2010) or (Liu, Jia, Wu, & Wang, 2010) [1st mention, <6 authors]; Liu et al. (2010) [subsequent mentions]
Pei et al. (2015) [6+ authors, always cite with “et al.”]
… studies (Lucci & Mazzafera, 2009, 2011) focused…
… work (Dawson, 1999; Briggs, 2004) demonstrated…

In References section

List only references cited in the text. List references alphabetically by the first author’s last name. Single author precedes same author with co-authors. When the authors are identical in multiple references, sequence them by publication date (earliest to latest). References must be complete, containing the author's initials and all relevant publication data, including DOI whenever possible. In the case of references to papers presented at a meeting, the full title of the paper, when and where it was presented, and the name of the sponsoring society must be given. Below are examples of the most common types of references; for journal abbreviations and other examples of reference formats, please refer to apastyle.org or contact the Editorial Office.


Wlodkowski, R. J. (2008). Enhancing adult motivation to learn (3rd ed). San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass John Wiley & Sons.

Yore, L. D. (2004). Why do future scientists need to study the language arts? In E. W. Saul (Ed.), Crossing borders in literacy and science instruction: Perspectives on theory and practice (pp. 71–94). Newark, DE: International Reading Association.

Bhatt, T., Gooch, M., Dent, B., & Sylvia, G. (2017). Implementing interoperability in the seafood industry: learning from experiences in other sectors. Journal of Food Science, 82(S1), A22–A44. https://doi.org/10.1111/1750-3841.13742

Pei, L., Ou, Y., Yu, W., Fan, Y., Huang, Y., Lim, J, . . . Lai, K. (2015). Au-Ag core-shell nanospheres for surface-enhanced Raman scattering detection of Sudan I and Sudan II in chili powder. Journal of Nanomaterials, 16, 215-221. https://doi.org/10.1155/2015/430925

Abrams, E. M., & Gerstner, T. V. (2015). Allergy to cooked, but not raw, peas: A case series and review. Allergy Asthma and Clinical Immunology. Advance online publication. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13223-015-0077-x

Submitting Your Manuscript

IFT’s journals only accept submissions via our ScholarOne Manuscripts site.

Manuscripts must be submitted in an editable text format (filetype .doc, .docx, or .rtf). Your computer system must be equipped with: (1) current version of a common web browser, (2) current version of Adobe Acrobat Reader, and (3) e-mail capability.

Getting Started

  • Go to http://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/jfse
  • Create an account or log in. Your default login ID is your e-mail address. (Use your existing account; do not create new accounts with new submissions.)
  • Create a new submission and select the appropriate manuscript type, the journal section in which your article fits best.

Note: This site is within an IFT ScholarOne portal which also includes sites for the Journal of Food Science and Comprehensive Reviews in Food Science and Food Safety. Your account will work for all 3 journals, and you can navigate between journals using the journal drop-down menu on the home page of each journal's site.

Completing Submission

  • Follow the steps to complete each page in the submission form.
  • You must add all co-authors in the required space in the submission form. Provide valid e-mail addresses for all co-authors and look up their existing accounts in the system before creating any new accounts.

  • Figures (with captions) and tables (with captions) should be inserted at the end, after the references.

  • To assist in the review process, the SE, AE, or reviewer may request the author to submit the original data.

  • When prompted to do so, please provide the names, titles, and contact information (affiliation and e-mail addresses) for 2 to 4 individuals you consider appropriate referees for your manuscript. Nonpreferred referees may also be named.

  • The final step to submit requires that you review your PDF submission. Please check that  all of  your files appear and are in the correct order.

Checking on the Status of Your Manuscript

During the review process, you may track the progress of your manuscript at any time by logging onto  ScholarOne  Manuscripts ( http://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/jfse ).

Peer Review

All submitted manuscripts are screened by the editor for importance, substance, appropriateness for the journal, general quality, and amount of new information provided. Those failing to meet current standards are rejected without further review. Those meetings these initial standards are sent to referees for peer review. Referees’ identities are not disclosed to the author. Author identities are disclosed to the referees. Referee comments are reviewed by a member of the Editorial Board and he/she, often after allowing the author to make changes in response to the referee’s comments, advises the Scientific Editors to either accept or reject the manuscript. You will be informed by the SE of the final decision.

After acceptance, the corresponding author will receive further information on copyright transfer and tracking production of your paper through Wiley Author Services. 

We will use the accepted files on ScholarOne Manuscripts for production. If you need to make final edits suggested by the editor, please e-mail a final file as soon as possible to jfs@ift.org, or you may make those edits at the proofing stage. 

Label all files with the assigned manuscript ID number and, where necessary, table and figure numbers. 

After production of your manuscript begins, you will receive a PDF proof via e-mail. so you can make any final minor corrections. You are responsible for all statements appearing in the page proof. If you are not available to review the page proof, you should authorize someone else to carefully study the page proof for errors. 

If you encounter difficulties in submitting your manuscript to ScholarOne Manuscripts, or for any other queries, contact the editorial office at

  • Email: jfs@ift.org  

  • Office phone: +1.312.806.0246

  • Mobile: +1.312.806.8088

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